• Westfield Academy and Central School Curriculum Outline for Personal Fitness & Nutrition Class

    Designed in Spring 2008 by Jacob J. Hitchcock***
    Purpose Statement:

    The purpose of Personal Fitness& Nutrition is to provide opportunities for students to develop knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for practicing lifelong health-enhancing behaviors.

    In correlation with the National Health Education Standards, upon completion of this course students will be able to:

    *comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention.

    *access valid health information and health-promoting products and services.

    *practice both health-enhancing and risk-reducing behaviors.

    *analyze the influences of society, culture, media, technology, and physical environment  
      on health.

    *utilize interpersonal communication skills to improve health and relationships.

    *practice and apply goal-setting, decision-making, problem-solving, and stress
      management skills to promote healthy behaviors.

    *advocate for personal, family, and community health.

    *develop understanding and respect for self and others.

    In correlation with the New York State Learning Standards for Health Education, upon completion of this course students will:

    *have the necessary knowledge and skills to establish and maintain physical fitness,
      participate in physical activity, and maintain personal health.

    *acquire the knowledge and ability necessary to create and maintain a safe and healthy

    *understand and be able to manage their personal and community resources.
    The Purpose of the Personal Fitness & Nutrition Class:

    The primary purpose is to assist the learner in developing:
    1.    Total physical fitness and lasting desire to maintain it;
    2.    Movement abilities ranging from functional life skills to those needed for successful participation in leisure activities of their choice;
    3.    A sense of self-worth and dignity;
    4.    Social competencies;
    5.    Safety awareness; and
    6.    An appreciation and understanding of specific sports and dances, including their origins, cultural impact and aesthetic values.
    7.    Basic nutrition principals.
    8.    Basic working knowledge regarding Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Fat Percentage.
    9.    Basic working knowledge of food labels.
    The truly physically educated student will have acquired both competencies applicable to any lifetime activities and a desire to retain the healthy feeling associated with fitness and exercise.

    All students will be physically educated, having acquired motor skills to perform a variety of physical activities, physical fitness knowledge, and intrinsic motivation to pursue a healthy and active lifestyle in an increasingly changing society.

    According to a study sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), young people can build healthy bodies and establish healthy lifestyles by including physical activity in their daily lives. However, many young people are not physically active on a regular basis, and physical activity declines dramatically during adolescence. School and community programs can help young people get active and stay active. In addition, the CDC found that young people say they like physical activity because it is fun; they do it with friends; and it helps them learn skills, stay in shape, and look better. To this end, physical education makes a major contribution as the primary area of the curriculum concerned with helping students develop and maintain healthy lifestyles and physical skills. (Newport News Public Schools.
    12465 Warwick Blvd., Newport News, VA 23606.)

    The WACS Personal Fitness & Nutrition Outline for Grades 10-12 coincides with both the New York State Teaching and Learning Standards and the National Teaching and Learning Standards. The Standards are as follows:

    New York State Teaching and Learning Standards for Health, Physical Education, and Family and Consumer Sciences
    Standard 1:   Personal Health and Fitness
    Students will have the necessary knowledge and skills to establish and maintain physical fitness, participate in physical activity, and maintain personal health.
    Standard 2:   A Safe and Healthy Environment
    Students will acquire the knowledge and ability necessary to create and maintain a safe and healthy environment.
    Standard 3:   Resource Management
    Students will understand and be able to manage their personal and community resources.
    National Standards for Physical Education
    Physical activity is critical to the development and maintenance of good health. The goal of physical education is to develop physically educated individuals who have the knowledge, skills, and confidence to enjoy a lifetime of healthful physical activity.
    A physically educated person:
    Standard 1: Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
    Standard 2: Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
    Standard 3: Participates regularly in physical activity.
    Standard 4: Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.
    Standard 5: Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.
    Standard 6: Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction.
    Purpose of the National Standards Document
    Standards Provide the Framework for a Quality Physical Education Program
    What is worth teaching and learning in physical education? The national content standards define what a student should know and be able to do as result of a quality physical education program. They provide a framework for developing realistic and achievable expectations for student performance at every grade level. These expectations are the first step in designing an instructionally aligned program.

    National Standards Provide Guidance for Developing State and Local Standards
    States and local school districts across the country have used the national standards to develop standards, frameworks, and curricula. Others have revised their existing standards and curricula to align with the national standards.
    Standards Increase the Professional Stature of Physical Education
    The national standards demonstrate that health and physical education has academic standing equal to other subject areas. They describe achievement, show that knowledge and skills matter, and confirm that mere willing participation is not the same as education. In short, national health and physical education standards bring accountability and rigor to the profession.

    Core Units of the Course:
    (In no specified order of application)

    1)    Health Professions
    2)    Different Types of Workouts
    3)    Famous People and Fitness
    4)    Diet Presentations
    5)    Sports Injuries
    6)    Vitamins
    7)    Minerals and Supplements
    8)    What You’re Eating
    9)    BMI and Body Fat Percentages
    10)    Workout Routines for Each Individual Sport Offered at WACS

    Typical Class Period:

        A typical class period, which is 80 minutes in length, will be divided into two parts. The first part will consists of classroom work, discussing nutrition principals and concepts, or working on class presentations. The second part of class will consists of weight training on Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and aerobic training of some form on Tuesday and Thursday.

    Throughout the semester, students will analyze the role of nutrition and physical fitness on an individual’s well-being. This will include, but not limited to, the following:

    *describe what constitutes a healthy diet.
    *identify the various parts of the food pyramid and how they should be used.
    *list the seven dietary guidelines.
    *describe what role minerals and vitamins play in a persons diet.
    *explain what metabolism is.
    *determine the benefits of proper food handling and preparation.
    *explain the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats.
    *identify the long-term effects of an unhealthy diet.
    *describe the benefits of physical fitness.
    *critique products or supplements purportedly designed to enhance looks, performance or    
      general health.
    *identify the basic nutrients found in each food group; i.e., vitamins, minerals, fats,
      proteins, water and carbohydrates.
    *evaluate various types of foods using the food labels.
    *identify the problems with fast food.
    *strategize ways to manage influences of heredity and prevent disease; e.g., body type,
      diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, cancer and osteoporosis.

    Name _____________________     Upper / Lower                             Date ___________

                                                                Exercise         Sets         Reps         Weights

             Arm Curls            

            Flat Bench             

       Incline Bench             

         Lat Pulldown            

        Lying Pullover            

        Military Press            

             Pec Dec            


       Shoulder Shrug             

           Side Raise            

    Name _____________________     Upper / Lower                         Date ___________

                                                              Exercise             Sets         Reps          Weights







          Med. Stance


          Wide Stance

    Heath Professionals Presentations:

    -Time 5 Minutes
    -Tell what your profession is
    -What exactly would a person in your profession do?
    -How much education do you need to get a job in your profession?
    -How much money can you make in this profession?
    -What is the job demand for this profession?
    -Would you like to get a job in this profession? Why or why not?


    Heath Professions:

    Occupational Therapist
    Physician Assistant
    Physical Therapist
    Athletic Trainer
    Emergency Medical Technician
    Dental Hygienist
    Heath Education Teacher
    Personal Fitness Trainer
    Registered Nurse

    Famous People and Fitness:

    -5 minutes
    -Tell about the history of your athlete
        -birthplace, high school, college, what is this person famous for, etc.
    -Does this person hold any major records? If so, what are they??
    -Find something relating to fitness on this individual- it may be a specific workout routine, it may be a major contribution to sports and/or fitness.
    -There has been an on going argument regarding Professional Athletes being Role Models. Should your athlete be considered a hero?? Why or why not??


    Famous People and Fitness:

    Lance Armstrong                   
    Muhammad Ali                                               
    Jerry Rice
    Jim Thorpe
    Bill Pearl
    Arnold Schwarzenegger                         
    Ronnie Coleman                                                                             
    Flex Wheeler
    Joe Weider
    Frank Zane
    Lee Haney
    Dorian Yates
    Florence Griffith Joyner
    Jackie Joyner-Kersee
    Michael Jordan
    Mia Hamm
    Louis Cyr
    Don Reinhoudt
    Bill Romanowski
    Michael Johnson

    Different Types of Workouts:

    -5 minutes
    -Tell about your workout:
        -What is it?
        -What is it primarily used for?
        -How long has it been in existence?
    -You must provide a one week workout routine from your specific workout type.
        (This can be done in handout form OR drawn out on the board)
    -Is this type of workout successful??
    -Would you use this type of workout? Why or why not??


    Different Types of Workouts:

    Winsor Pilates
    Circuit Training
    Medicine Ball Workout
    Free Weight Training/Resistance Training
    Nautilus Training
    Core Training


     Diet Presentations:

    -Time- 5 minutes
    -Tell what diet you have
    -How long has this diet been in existence?
    -What are the main ideas/concepts of this diet? -Explain.
    -What is the success/failure rates/percentages?
    -Is this diet safe? Why or why not?
    -Would you use it? Why or why not?


    Diet Presentations:

    Atkins Diet
    Blood Type Diet
    Trim Spa
    Subway Diet
    The Zone Diet
    The South Beach Diet
    Low Carb. Diet
    Cabbage Soup Diet
    Caveman/Paleolithic Diet
    Jenny Craig Diet
    LA weight loss
    Ornish Diet: Eat more, weigh less
    Slim Fast Diet
    Weight Watchers Diet
    Gastric Bypass Surgery

    Sports Injuries Presentations:

    -Time 5 minutes
    -Tell what your topic is
    -How does it happen?
    -What specifically happens to your body as a result of your topic?
    -What are the various treatments for the injury?
    -What are the long-term consequences?
    -How can you prevent the injury?
    -You will also need a visual for this presentation.
    -Start with:


    List of Topics:

    ACL injuries
    Muscle Cramps
    Herniated Disc
    Hip Pointers
    Meniscus Injuries
    Osgood-Schlatter Disease
    Over training Syndrome
    Rotator Cuff Injury
    Shin Splints
    Stress Fractures
    Shoulder Separations & Dislocations
    Tinea Pedis
    Turf Toe
    Sprains & Strains

    Minerals & Supplements Presentation:

    -5 Minutes
    -Tell what your mineral/supplement is
    -Tell why it is needed
    -What happens if you do not get enough of this vitamin?
    -What foods is this mineral/supplement found in naturally?
    -What other vitamins/minerals/supplements should you take with your mineral/supplement to make it more effective?



    CoEnzyme Q10


    Vitamin Presentations:

    -5 Minutes
    -Tell what it is
    -Tell why it is needed
    -What happens if you do not get enough of this vitamin?
    -What foods is this vitamin found in naturally?
    -What other vitamins/minerals should you take with your vitamin to make it more effective?



    Vitamin A
    Vitamin B-1 (Thiamin)
    Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin)
    Vitamin B-3 (Niacin)
    Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic acid)
    Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)
    Vitamin B-12 (Cyanocobalamin)
    Vitamin C
    Vitamin P
    Vitamin D
    Vitamin K
    Folic Acid
    Inositol Paba


    What your eating Presentation:

    You need to record the total calories, total fat %, total saturated fat , grams of protein, fiber amounts, and carbohydrate % of ALL the foods you eat for one day (that’s 24 hours total). Take into account serving sizes. You will present your research to the class. Use the food labels as guides.
    You can use:

    This is a DOUBLE grade!!!!!


    1)    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics, available online at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/.
    2)    Health Insurance, available online at: http://www.esana.org/Projects/ESA_Link/Health%20Insurance.pdf
    3)    Health Promotion Agency, available online at: http://www.healthpromotionagency.org.uk/Healthpromotion/Health/section2.htm
    4)    Lifestyle and Risk Reduction, available online at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml;jsessionid=PXNNF0WZWYF5YCQFCXQCCZQ?identifier=3004354
    5)    The Global Forum, available online at: http://www.globalforumhealth.org/filesupld/sex%20gender.pdf
    6)    New York State Department of Health article titled “People First- Communicating with and about people with disabilities”, available online at: http://www.health.state.ny.us/nysdoh/promo/people.htm.  
    7)    “An Inconvenient Truth-Take Action”, available online at: http://www.climatecrisis.net/takeaction/.  
    8)    USDA Food Guide Pyramid, available online at: http://www.mypyramid.gov/.
    9)    Free Online Diet and Exercise Journal, available online at: http://www.my-calorie-counter.com/?OVRAW=how%20many%20calories%20are%20in%20foods&OVKEY=how%20many%20calorie%20are%20in%20food&OVMTC=standard&OVADID=538068522&OVKWID=6057694522
    10)    Workout Routine Wizard, available online at: http://www.efitnesstracker.com/resources/Workout-Routine-Wizard.asp
    11)    The Chautauqua County Department of Health Annual Report 2005 Summary, available online at: http://www.co.chautauqua.ny.us/health/PDF/ANNUAL%20RPT%202005%20%20FINAL.pdf